Ask the Weight Loss Expert – Wiliam Audren
What is “SYNDROME X”?
Syndrome X has been defined as a disorder with four hallmark symptoms: hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), high levels of triglycerides, high blood pressure and central (waist) obesity. Each of these factors alone can increase a person’s risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke and some common cancers. The risk however, is much higher when these factors are found in combination. A link between insulin resistance and the four hallmark symptoms was established in 1988 by Dr. G. Reaven. If your glucose levels remain elevated (insulin resistance), your pancreas will keep producing more Insulin in order to try to control the hyperglycemia. Complications will appear in your organs and tissues because they are now more sensitive to insulin. For example, insulin stimulates sodium retention by the kidneys, which contributes to water retention and hypertension. In the liver, excess insulin will increase its production of triglyceride rich VLDL. A high VLDL level means you may have an increased risk of coronary artery disease, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Lifestyle changes that control insulin produced by your pancreas are keys to avoid symptoms associated with Syndrome X. Reducing carbohydrates in your diet, especially refined sugars and regular exercise should be a priority for a healthy life.